How to Write a Biology Paper in APA Format | Pen and the Pad

 

biology research paper format

Free Biology Research Paper Ideas for Your Essay. Coming up with attractive research papers on biology can at times be a tricky affair, one that can lose you valuable points at the end of the course. However, do not worry, with the list of broad paper topics and questions already provided, you will be able to formulate your titles and also. Jan 15,  · This article is aimed at students who are trying to learn how to write a biology research paper at college. We will show the types of papers and how . FORMAT FOR THE PAPER. Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought.


Biology • Beloit College


General Format for Writing a Scientific Paper. A complete paper is divided into sections, in this order Although this format is not cast in stone, most scientific journals use it or some variation there of, biology research paper format.

By adhering to this format, researchers maintain a consistent and efficient means of communicating with the scientific community. This order is really quite logical and could apply to almost any report you might write. You can benefit from writing good scientific papers, even if you do not expect to go on in Biology.

Preparing a scientific paper develops your ability to organize ideas logically, biology research paper format, think clearly, and express yourself accurately and concisely. Mastery of these skills would biology research paper format an asset for any career that you may pursue.

All papers should be typed, double-spaced except the abstractwith at least one-inch margins on all sides. Biology research paper format title page is the first page of the paper and should contain the following:. A good title is informative, i. The second page of scientific paper begins with the Abstract.

The Abstract states clearly and concisely what is dealt with in the paper. It is a concise statement of the questions, general procedure, basic findings, and main conclusions of the paper. This is a brief, all encompassing section summarizing what you discuss in the rest of the paper, and should be written last, after you know what you have said! The Introduction presents a background for the work you are doing and put it into an appropriate context e.

What questions are you asking in your study? What organisms or ideas were studied and why are they interesting or relevant? Identify the subject s and hypotheses of your work. Tell the reader why s he should keep reading and why what you are about to present is interesting. Briefly state your general approach or methods e. Cite any references you used as sources for your background Information. This section should be written in the past tense when referring to this experiment.

Biology research paper format published work is considered part of the present body of knowledge. If deemed necessary, the reasons for the choice of a particular method should be stated, and.

Do not keep the reader in suspense. Let the reader follow the development of the evidence. There should be enough detail that a competent worker can repeat the experiments. What procedures were followed? Are the treatments and controls clearly described? Does this section describe the sampling regime and sample sizes, including how individuals were assigned to treatments?

What research materials were used: the organism, special chemicals, concentrations, instruments, etc.? Briefly explain the relevance of the methods to the questions you introduced above e. If applicable, biology research paper format, include a description of the statistical methods you used in your analysis. Careful writing of this section is important because the cornerstone of the scientific method requires that your results are reproducible, and for the results to be reproducible, you must provide the basis for the repetition of your experiments by others.

This section should be written in the past tense. Your data should b presented succinctly in the body of the report and presented in detail as tables or graphs. However, do not present the same data in both tabular and graphical form in the same paper. Strive for clarity, the results should be short and sweet. The results section should be written so that any college student could read the text to learn what you have done.

For example, you might use a paragraph to explain what is seen on a particular graph. When the enzyme as soaked in sulfuric acid, it produced no change in absorbance When stating your results in the body of the text, refer to your graphs and tables, biology research paper format.

Tables and graphs alone do not make a Results section. In the text of this section describe your results do not list actual numbers, biology research paper format, but point out trends or important features.

Refer to the figures and tables by number as well as any other relevant information. Results are typically not discussed much more in this section unless brief discussion aids clarity.

In referring to your results, avoid phrases like 'Table 1 shows the rate at which biology research paper format fall biology research paper format in class as a function of the time of day that class is taught.

This is the place to tell the reader what you found out, not what it means. Each table and figure should be numbered sequentially for easy reference in the text of the Results and Discussion sections.

Figures e. Be sure to label both axes of all graphs e. Tables are numbered separately from the figures as Table 1 to Table X. Label columns, including units of measure, biology research paper format, and define all treatments. Your reader should NEVER have to go back to the text to interpret the table or figure-- thus you need to provide a legend for each biology research paper format and a caption for each table. A figure legend is freestanding text that goes below the figure.

The first sentence of the legend bold print biology research paper format the example below is typically a succinct statement that summarizes what the entire figure is about. The first sentence is then followed with particulars of the figure contents, as appropriate, including information about methods, how the data are expressed, or any abbreviations etc. An example of a legend Figure 1.

Light Micrograph of a Human Karyotype. Fetal cells were obtained from Aimee Biophiliac in September by amniocentesis. The cells were cultured, metaphase chromosome spreads were prepared and the chromosomes stained and photographed as described in Materials and Methods. Individual chromosomes were cut out from the photograph and arranged in a karyotype. By virtue of the presence of two X-chromosomes, biology research paper format, the karyotype indicates that the developing fetus is a female.

Based on other information data not presentedthe fetus is expected to emerge March 19, biology research paper format, A table caption is freestanding text located above the table.

It presents a succinct statement of the contents of the table, biology research paper format. An example is Table 1. A caption must NOT include information about methods, how the data are expressed, or any abbreviations if needed, those are included as footnotes to the table, with each footnote keyed to a footnote reference in the table by sequential, lettered superscripts.

The discussion section is where you explain your results in detail, speculating on trends, biology research paper format, possible causes, and conclusions. Try to present the principles, relationships, and generalizations shown by the Results. And bear in mind, in a good Discussion, you discuss--you do not recapitulate-- the Results. Don't be shy; discuss the theoretical implications of your work, as well as any possible practical applications.

The References section is a complete list of all references that you cited within your paper. The references are listed in alphabetical order by last name of the first author of each publication. Include only those references that you have actually read and that you specifically mention in your paper.

If a laboratory handout was used it is only a beginning and must be cited. When researching for information for the Introduction and Discussion sections or the paper, seek out original sources that are written by experts in the field e. Scientific American and books written by well respected scientists, biology research paper format. Textbooks, although acceptable in this class as a last resort, are rarely cited in the scientific papers biology research paper format information in textbooks is less reliable than from the original sources.

In-Text Citations. Citation formats are often discipline specific. Footnotes or endnotes are not normally used in scientific writing as they are in humanities and the social sciences. Because natural scientists. All citations occur in the text in parentheses, with the author s and date of publication. For example: Clinton found that naked foxes run on grass four times faster than those wearing pantyhose do.

Alternatively: On grass surfaces, naked foxes run four times faster than those wearing pantyhose Clinton If there is more than one author of a source, simply use the first author's last name, followed by biology research paper format al.

For example, Clinton et al. The complete list of authors will appear in the full citation at the end of your paper. The format of the References section varies slightly from one scientific journal to another. Use the following as examples for citing various kinds of sources in for this course Citing Journal and Magazine Articles.

Author s. Publication year. Article title. Journal title volume: pages.

 

General Format for Writing a Scientific Paper

 

biology research paper format

 

FORMAT FOR THE PAPER. Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought. paper to correct errors. Report Format Scientific research report format is based on the scientific method and is organized to enable the reader to quickly comprehend the main points of the investigation. The format required in all biology classes consists of a Title . Free Biology Research Paper Ideas for Your Essay. Coming up with attractive research papers on biology can at times be a tricky affair, one that can lose you valuable points at the end of the course. However, do not worry, with the list of broad paper topics and questions already provided, you will be able to formulate your titles and also.